A hernia occurs when the contents of a body cavity from the area arch where they are usually included. This content, usually parts of the intestine or abdominal adipose tissue, are included in the thin membrane, which of course on the inside of the oven lines. Although the term hernia can be used for bumps in other areas, it is most commonly used to hernias of the lower trunk (abdominal wall hernias) describe.
Hernias itself can be asymptomatic (no symptoms produce), but almost all have a potential risk have their blood supply cut off (to be strangled). If the blood supply to the hernia, the opening in the abdominal wall is cut off, it is a medical and surgical emergency, as the tissue needs oxygen transported through the blood supply.
Types of hernias
Although there are many types of hernias, the following are most common:
Hernia of abdominal wall: Also called an epigastric or ventral hernia; 1 Person nationwide concerns in the 100. Technically is in this group also inguinal hernias and Umbilical hernias.
Indirect inguinal hernia:This affects only men. A loop of the intestine passes it the channel from where a testicular soon descends into childhood in the scrotum. If neglected, this type of hernia causes tend to be gradual (a “sliding hernia”) the scrotum extending grossly enlarged.
Direct inguinal hernia:This applies to both sexes. The intestinal loop is a swelling in the inner part of the fold of the groin area.
; Femoral hernia: This affects both sexes women, although in most cases. An intestinal loop passes it the channel with the major blood vessels in and out of the leg, between the abdomen and thigh, causing a bulge in the groin area and at the top of the inner of thigh.
Umbilical hernia:This applies to both sexes. An intestinal loop protrudes through a weakness in the abdominal wall at the navel (but remains under the skin).
Hiatal hernia: This applies to both sexes. A loop of the stomach especially full protrudes up through the small opening in the diaphragm that passes through the esophagus so leave the abdominal cavity and enter the breast.
Incisional hernia:This is a hernia, which occurs at the site of a surgical incision. This is due to the stress for the healing of tissue due to excessive muscular effort, lifting, coughing or extreme pressure.
Symptoms of a hernia
Symptoms of hernias vary, depending on the cause and the structures involved. Most begin as small, barely noticeable breakthroughs. Initially they can be soft lumps under the skin, a little larger than a marble; There is usually no pain. Gradually increases the pressure of the internal content against the weak wall and increases the size of the node.
Early May the hernia reducible – the protruding structures can be gently pushed back in their normal places. If they are, however, at their normal through manipulation can be returned is called the break as irreducible or incarcerated.
Home remedies for hernia
It is recommended to stop smoking because she increase acid reflux and decreases saliva production. Saliva protects the neck from stomach acid.
Avoid caffeine and alcohol
Caffeine increases the production of stomach acid. Avoid caffeine also helps a person sleep more easily and will get better quality rest. Avoidance of caffeine can relieve also nervousness and psychological stress. Alcohol irritates the stomach and cause increased acid production.
A balanced diet can have a serious and rapid effect on a hiatal hernia. First of all, a balanced diet helps with weight loss and obesity is one of the main causes of acid reflux. Avoid fatty foods helps in weight loss, and it helps even in the short term. Longer Digest fatty food and acid in the stomach longer sit to allow. Removal of fet