Obesity – causes, symptoms and treatment

Obesity is one of the major health problems of our nation; every year hundreds of thousands of people from serious and sometimes life-threatening mental and physical complications as a direct result of their obesity. Appropriate treatment improves not only individual quality of life, it can save lives.

Symptoms of obesity

The following are the main symptoms of obesity:

Excessive sweating with bad smell
Feeling of fatigue without any work
Excessive hunger and thirst

Joint pain and restricted mobility
Osteoarthritis, a disease in which the joints deteriorate
Loss of flexibility and increased incidence of musculoskeletal injuries
Pulmonary (breathing) problems, including sleep apnea

Causes of obesity

Genetics (hormones).

Over eating.

High dietary carbohydrates.

Slow metabolism.

socio-economic factors – there is a strong relationship between economic status and obesity, especially among women. Women who are poor and the lower social status are six times more often overweight than women of higher lower socio-economic status. The incidence of obesity is also highest among minorities, especially among women. Eighty-two percent of African American women overweight 20 years of age or older.

Obesity occurs when your body uses more calories than it burns. In the past, many thought that obesity was caused by food abundance and fitness training, simply as a result of lack of willpower and self-control. Although these are important factors, doctors recognize that obesity is a complex medical problem, includes the genetic, ecological, behavioral, and social factors. All of these factors play a role in determining a person weight.
Treatment

For some children especially if they grow even bigger, it is more important to stabilize weight and allow them to grow their weight. Overweight children who still need to grow does not necessarily diminish, but easy to maintain, so that they can grow into their weight. A child is the sooner as overweight or at risk identified the easier it is to treat. Because it permanently modify diet and exercise habits is hard, is important, something to do it sooner rather than later.

Other treatment includes usually dietary changes to limit fat and calories consumption, more exercise and changes in eating habits or patterns. Severe cases require surgical options to reduce the size of the stomach or to bypass a portion of the stomach and intestines.

Prescription medications for the treatment of obesity

While most side effects of prescription medications for obesity are mild, have been reported with severe complications. Valvular heart disease was recently reported, occur in connection with the use of specific appetite suppressant drugs. On the basis of these reports, the manufacturer has withdrawn from the market voluntarily two drugs, fenfluramine (Pondimin) and dexfenfluramine (Redux).

Although (such as gastric bypass) surgery is a last resort for the treatment of obesity, it can be extremely effective. However it should be performed at an experienced surgical Center, because such operations can carry out substantial risks, in particular in the postoperative period. Consensus recommendations are to limit surgical therapies for patients with morbid obesity (BMI > 40).